Picture of Yuanming Pan

Yuanming Pan B.Sc., Ph.D. Professor & Graduate Chair

Geology 224

Research Area(s)

  • Mineralogy
  • Mineral physics
  • Environmental geochemistry
  • Mineral spectroscopy
  • Geochemistry
  • Mineral deposits
  • Green technology
  • Mineral-inspired materials



  • Zhang, J., Wang, S., Ma, X., Yao, S., Lv, H., Pan, Y., Chernikov, R., Heredia, E., Lin, J. & Jia, S. (2022) Observation of surface precipitation of ferric molybdate on ferrihydrite: Implications for the mobility and fate of molybdate in natural and hydrometallurgical environments. Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 807: 150749 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150749


  • Gotze, J., Pan, Y. & Muller, A. (2021) Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of quartz – A review. Mineralogical Magazine (accepted).doi:10.1180/mgm.2021.72

  • Wang, S., Zeng, X., Lin,  J., Yuan, Z., Qu, S., Zhang, B.,; Pan, Y., Chen, N., Chen, W. &  Jia, Y. (2022) Molecular structure of molybdate adsorption on goethite  at pH 5 – 8: A combined DFT+U, EXAFS, and ab initio XANES study. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 125: 22052-22063. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c05497.

  • Xiao, B., Pan, Y., Song, H., Song, W., Zhang, Y. & Chen, H. (2021) Hydrothermal alteration processes of fluorapatite and implications for REE remobilization and mineralization. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 176, 87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-021-01849-7

  • Feng, S., Majumdar, A., Kuang, H., Pan, Y., Iitaka, T. & Tse, J.S. (2021) A comparative study on pressure-induced structural transformation in a basaltic glass and melt from Ab initio molecular dynamics calculations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 48: 41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00269-021-01165-3.

  • Goryainov, S.V., Tse, J.S., Desgreniers, S., Kawaguchi, S.I., Pan, Y., Likhacheva, A.Y. & Molokeev, M.S. (2021) In-situ X-ray diffraction study of chrysotile at high P-T conditions: Transformation to the 3.65 Å phase. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 48: 36.https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00269-021-01160-8.pdf.

  • Ebrahimi, S., Pan, Y. & Rezaeian, M. (2021) Origin and evolution of the Masjed Daghi Cu-Au-Mo porphyry and gold epithermal vein system, NW Iran: Constraints from fluid inclusions and sulfur isotope studies. Mineralogy and Petrology (accepted).https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00710-021-00761-z

  • Yin, X., Zhang, G., Su, R., Zeng, X., Yan, Z., Zhang, D., Ma, X., Lei, L., Lin, J., Pan, Y., Chernikov, R., Heredia, E., Wang, S. & Jia, S. (2021) Oxidation and incorporation of adsorbed antimonite during iron(II)-catalyzed recrystallization of ferrihydrite. Science of the Total Environment, 778: 146424.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146424

  • Desmarais, J.K., Erba, A., Pan, Y., Civalleria, B. & Tse, J.S. (2021) Mechanisms for pressure-induced isostructural phase transitions in EuO. Physical Review Letters, Vol. 126: 196404.https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.196404

  • Chen, X.-H., Guo, R.-Z., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2021) Crystal structure and magnetic properties of the magnetically isolated zigzag chain in KGaCu(PO4)2. Dalton Transactions, Vol. 50: 7835-7842..https://doi.org/10.1039/D1DT00819F

  • Su, R., Ma, X., LinJ., Yin, X., Wang, X., Pan, Y., Heredia, E., Chernikov, R., Wang, S. & Jia, Y. (2021) An alternative method for the treatment of metallurgical arsenic-alkali residue and recovery of high-purity sodium bicarbonate. Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 202: 105590。https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2021.105590

  • Pan, Y., Li, D., Feng, R., Wiens, E., Chen, N., Chernikov, R., Gotze, J. & Lin, J. (2021) Uranyl binding mechanism in microcrystalline silicas: A potential missing link for uranium mineralization by direct uranyl coprecitation and environmental implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 292: 518-531.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2020.10.017

  • Zhang, J., Lei, H., Ma, C., Li, J. & Pan, Y. (2021) Silurian-Devonian granites and associated intermediate-mafic rocks along the eastern Kunlun Orogen, western China: Evidence for a prolonged post-collisional lithospheric extension. Gondwana Research, Vol. 89: 131-146.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2020.08.019


  • Majumdar, A., Wu, M., Pan, Y., Iitaka, T. and Tse, J. (2020) Structural dynamics of basaltic melt at mantle conditions with implications for magma oceans and superplumes. Nature Communications, Vol. 11: 4815.https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-18660-w

  • Lin, J., Chen, N. & Pan, Y. (2020) Uptake mechanisms of arsenate in gypsum: Structural incorporation versus surface absorption and implications for remediation of arsenic contamination. Earth Science Frontiers, Vol. 27: 227-237.https://doi.org/10.13745/j.esf.sf.2020.5.40

  • Pan, Y., Chen, N., Zhu, J., Hopps, N., Wiens, E. & Lin, J. (2020) Local structural environments of bromine in chlorine-rich minerals: Insights from Br K-edge XAS and 81Br MAS NMR. Earth Science Frontiers, Vol. 27: 10-22.https://doi.org/10.13745/j.esf.sf.2020.5.54

  •  Liu, P., Pan, Y., Zhang, D., Wu, M., Qiu, K., Li, P., Jia, H., Wang, Z & Zhang, J. (2020) Primary magmatic biotite in granitoid intrusions associated with Late Mesozoic Jinchanggouliang-Erdaogou lode gold deposits, North China Craton: Linkage to gold mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 125, 103679.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2020.103679

  • Chen, X.-H., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2020) Quantum spin liquid candidate YCu3(OH)6Br2[Brx(OH)1− x] (x ≈ 0.51): With an almost perfect kagomé layer. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. Vol. 512: 167066.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2020.167066

  • Lin, J., Chen, N., Feng, R., Nilges, M.J., Jia, Y., Wang, S. & Pan, Y. (2020) Sequestration of selenite and selenate in gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O): Insights from the single-crystal electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study. Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 54: 3169-3180.https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b05714?goto=supporting-info
  • Yang, J., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2020) Green Synthesis and Characterization of ZeoliteSilicalite-1 from Recycled Mother Liquor. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 303: 110247.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2020.110247

  • Zhou, C-F, Chen, X-H, Huang, Y-X, Pan, Y & Mi, J-X (2020) Rational design of (NH4)Cu[PO4] with a spin gapped, distorted honeycomb layer. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2020: 1286-1292.https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201901284.

  • Gotze, J., Mockel, R. & Pan, Y. (2020) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of agate-a review. Minerals, Vol. 10(11): 1037.https://doi.org/10.3390/min10111037


  • Mashkovtsev, R.I., Botis, S.M., Nilges, M.J. & Pan, Y. (2019) Paramagnetic defects in neutron irradiated a-quartz: Novel Al associated E' centers. EPL, Vol. 128: 54004.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1209/0295-5075/128/54004/pdf
  • Lin, J., Nilges, M.J., Wien, E., Chen, N., Wang, S. & Pan, Y. (2019) Mechanism of Gd3+uptake in gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O): Implications for EPR dating, REE recovery and REE behavior. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 258: 63-78.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.05.019

  • Tse J.S., Pan Y., Goryainov S.V. & Likhacheva A. Yu. (2019) X-ray diffraction study of chrysotile compressed in water at high P-T conditions up to 8 GPa and 420 °C. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vol. 83: 687-690.https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1062873819060339

  • Toma, J., Holmden, C., Shakotko, P., Pan, Y. & Ootes, L. (2019) Cr isotopic insights into ca.1.9 Ga oxidative-weathering of the continents using the Beaverlodge Lake paleosol, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geobiology, Vol. 17: 467-489.https://doi.org/10.1111/gbi.12342

  • Tang, X.-Y., Mi, J.-X., Zhuang, R., Wang, S.-H., Wu, S.-F., Pan, Y. & Huang, Y.-X. (2019) Rational design and synthesis of a deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical fluorinated orthophosphate: BaZn(PO4)F. Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 58: 4508-4514.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00073


  • Du, X., Wang, Z., Wang, H., Iitaka, T., Pan, Y. & Tse, J.S. (2018) Structures and stability of iron halides at the Earth’s mantle and core pressures: Implications for the missing halogen paradox. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, Vol. 2: 711-719.https://doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.8b00034
  • Du, X., Wu, M., Tse, J.S. & Pan, Y. (2018) Structures and transport properties of CaCO3 melts under Earth's mantle conditions. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, Vol. 2: 1-8..https://doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00100
  • El-Kelany, Kh. E., Ravoux, C., Desmarais, J.K., Cortona, P., Pan, Y., Tse, J.S. & Erba, A. (2018) Spin localization, magnetic ordering and electronic properties of strongly correlated Ln2O3 sesquioxides (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd). Physical Review B, Vol. 97: 245118.https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.245118
  • Ghavi, J., Karimpour, H., Mazaheri, M.A. & Pan, Y. (2018) Triassic I-type granitoids from the Torbat e Jam area, northeastern Iran: Petrogenesis and implications for Paleotethys tectonics. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 164: 159-178.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.06.025
  • Lin, J., Sun, W., Desmarais, J., Chen, N., Feng, R., Zhang, P., Li, D., Lieu, A., Tse, J.S. & Pan, Y. (2018) Uptake and speciation of uranium in synthetic gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O): Applications to radioactive mine tailings. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 181: 8-17.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.10.010
  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2018) EPR study of new E' centers in neutron-irradiated alpha-quartz. EPL, Vol. 124, 54001.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1209/0295-5075/124/54001
  • Mi, J.-X. & Pan, Y. (2018) Halogen-rich minerals: Crystal chemistry and geological significances. In “The Role of Halogens in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Processes”, D.E. Harlov and L. Aranovich, eds., Springer, pp. 123-184.https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-61667-4_3
  • Wang, M.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2018) BaCu(OH)3Cl: a new one-dimensional Mott insulator with a CuOchessboard layer. New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 42, 18077-18083.https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NJ04266G
  • Wang, Q.Y., Dong, Y.J., Pan, Y., Liao, F.X. & Guo, X.W. (2018) Early Paleozoic granulite-facies metamorphism and magmatism in the northern Wulan terrane of the Quanji Massif: Implications for the evolution of the Proto-Tethys Ocean in northwestern China. Journal of Earth Science, Vol. 29: 1081-1101.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12583-018-0881-6
  • Zhang, J., Lei, H., Ma, C.-Q., Li, J. & Pan, Y. (2018) Geochemical and thermodynamical modeling of magmatic sources and processes for the Xiarihamu sulfide deposit in the eastern Kunlun Orogen, western China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. Vol. 190: 345-356.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2018.04.005


  • Bernal, N.F., Gleeson, S.A., Smith, M.P., Barnes, J.D. & Pan, Y. (2017) Evidence of multiple halogen sources in scapolites from iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) deposits and regional Na-Cl metasomatic alteration, Norrbotten County, Sweden. Chemical Geology, Vol. 451: 90-103.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.01.005

  • Cerin, D., Goetz, J. & Pan, Y. (2017) Radiation-induced damage in quartz at the Arrow uranium deposit, southwestern Athabasca Basin, Saskatchewan. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 55: 457-472.https://doi.org/10.3749/canmin.1700003

  • Futera, Z., Yong, X., Pan, Y., Tse, J.S. & English, N.J. (2017) Formation and properties of water from quartz and hydrogen at high pressure and temperature. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 461: 54-60.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.12.031

  • Goryainov, S.V., Pan, Y., Smirnov, M.B., Sun, W. & Mi, J.-X. (2017) Raman investigation on the behavior of parasibirskite CaHBO3 at high pressure. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 173: 46-52.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2016.08.040
  • Götze, J., Pan, Y., Müller, A., Kotova, E.L. & Cerin, D. (2017) Trace element compositions and defect structures of high-purity quartz from the Southern Ural region, Russia. Minerals, Vol. 7:189.

  • Jiang, J.-H., Zhang, L.-C.., Hang, Y.-X., Sun, Z.-M., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2017) KB(PO4)F: A novel acentric deep-ultraviolet material. Dalton Transactions, Vol. 46, 1677-1683.https://doi.org/10.1039/C6DT04026H

  • Li, D., Egodawatte, S.N., Kaplan, D., Larsen, S.C., Serkiz, S.M., Seaman, J., Scheckel, K.G., Lin, J.,  & Pan, Y. (2017) Sequestration of U(VI) from acidic, alkaline and high ion-strength aqueous media by functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles: Capacity and binding mechanisms.. Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 51: 14330-14341.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03778

  • Liu, L.-C., Ren, W.-J., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2017) Canted antiferromagnetism in KNi3[PO3(F,OH)]2[PO2(OH)2]F2 with a stair-case Kagomé lattice. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 254: 160-165.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2017.07.011

  • Podder. J., Lin, J., Sun, W., Botis, S.M., Tse, J., Chen N., Hu Y., Li, D., Seaman J. & Pan, Y. (2017) Iodate in calcite and vaterite: Insights from synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy and first-principles calculations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 198: 218-228.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.11.032

  • Qamar A, LeBlanc K, Semeniuk O, Reznik A, Lin J, Pan Y & Moewes A (2017) X-ray spectroscopic study of amorphous and polycrystalline PbO films, α-PbO, and β-PbO for direct conversion imaging. Scientific Reports, Vol. 7:13159.https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-13703-7

  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2017) Strong spin frustration and negative magnetization in LnCu3(OH)6Cl3 (Ln = Nd and Sm) with triangular lattices: The effects of lanthanides. Dalton Transactions, Vol. 46: 9535-9541.https://doi.org/10.1039/C7DT01798G

  • Wu, M., Cheng, J., Tse, J.S., Pan, Y. & Zhang, L. (2017) Density power law and structures of metallic glasses. Acta Materialia, Vol. 141: 75-82.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2017.09.014

  • Zhang, C., Lin, J., Pan, Y., Feng, R., Almeev, R. & Holtz, F. (2017) Electron probe microanalysis of bromine in minerals and glasses with correction for spectral interference from aluminum, and comparison with microbeam synchrotron X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, Vol. 41: 449-457.https://doi.org/10.1111/ggr.12169

  • Zhang, J., Yang, Z., Zhang, H., Ma, C.-Q., Li, J.W. & Pan, Y. (2017) Controls on the formation of Cu-rich magmas: Insights from the Late Triassic post-collisional Saishitang complex in the eastern Kunlun Orogen, western China. Lithos, Vol. 278-281: 400-418.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2017.02.008

  • Zhang, J., Ma, C.-Q., Li, J.-W. & Pan, Y. (2017) A possible genetic relationship between orogenic gold mineralization and post-collisional magmatism in the eastern Kunlun Orogen, western China. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 81: 342-357.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.11.003

  • Zhou, B., Faucher, A., Laskowski, R., Terskikh, V.V., Kroeker, S., Sun, W., Lin, J., Mi, J.-X., Michaelis, V.K. & Pan, Y., (2017) Ultrahigh-field 25Mg NMR and DFT study of magnesium borate minerals. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, Vol. 1: 299-309.https://doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00049


  • Huang, X., Liu B., Zhuang, R.-C., Pan, Y., Mi, J.-X. & Huang, Y.-X. (2016) Multiple fluorine substituted phosphate germanium fluorides and their thermal stabilities. Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 55: 12376-12382.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02266
  • Wu, M., Lou, H., Tse, J.S., Liu, H., Pan, Y., Takahama, K., Matsuoka, T,, Shimizu, K. & Jiang, J. (2016) Pressure-induced polyamorphism in a main-group metallic glass. Physical Review B 94:054201.https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.94.054201
  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Nokhrin, S., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2016) Perfect Kagome lattice in YCu3(OH)6Cl3: A new candidate for the quantum spin liquid state. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 4: 8772-8777.https://doi.org/10.1039/C6TC02399A
  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2016) New E' centers in neutron-irradiated alpha-quartz. EPL (Europhysics Letters), Vol. 113:64004.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1209/0295-5075/113/64004
  • Zhou, B., Sun, W., Zhao, B.-C., Mi, J.-X., Laskowski, R., Terskikh, V., Zhang, X., Yang, L., Botis, S.M., Sherriff, B.L. & Pan, Y. (2016)  11B MAS NMR and first-principles study of the [OBO3] pyramids in borates. Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 55: 1970-1977.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02071
  • Wu, M., Tse, J.S. & Pan, Y. (2016) Anomalous bond length behavior and a new solid phase of bromine under pressure. Scientific Reports 6:25649. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep25649
  • Wu, M., Tse, J.S. & Pan, Y. (2016) Electronic structure of greigite (Fe3S4): A hybrid functional study and prediction for a Verwey transition. Scientific Reports. 6:21637. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep21637
  • Wang, J.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2016) New hydrothermal route for the synthesis of high purity nanoparticles of zeolite Y from kaolin and quartz. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 232:77-85.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2016.06.010
  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2016) Synthesis and magnetic properties of centennialite: A new S = 1/2 Kagome antiferromagnet and comparison with herbertsmithite and kapellasite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 43: 127-136.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00269-015-0780-7
  • Pei, D.-T., Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Sun, Z.-M., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.X. (2016) Novel phosphate halides BaMnIII[PO4]FCl and BaMnIII[PO4]F2: Effects of mixed halides on crystal structures and magnetic properties. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 234: 29-35.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2015.11.023


  • Wu, M., Tse, J.S. & Pan, Y. (2015) Stability and properties of liquid CO2 at high pressure and high temperature: Implications for electrical conductivities in Earth's lower mantle. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42: 5820-5827.https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL064522

  • Huang, C.-Z., Liu, B., Wen, L., Zhuang, R.-C., Zhao, J.-T., Pan, Y., Mi, J.-X. & Huang, Y.-X. (2015) Dimensional reduction from 2D layer to 1D band for germanophosphates induced by the "tailor effect" of fluoride. Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 54: 6978-6985.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00973

  • Goryainov, S.V., Krylov, A.S., Vtyurin, A.N. & Pan, Y. (2015) Raman study of datolite CaBSiO4(OH) at simultaneously high pressure and high temperature. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 46: 177-181.https://doi.org/10.1002/jrs.4614

  • Gotze, J., Pan, Y., Stevens-Kalceff, M., Kempe, U. & Muller, A. (2015) Orign and significance of the yellow cathodoluminescence (CL) color of quartz. American Mineralogist, Vol. 100: 1469-1482.https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2015-5072

  • Ren, W.-J., Wang, J.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Sun, Z.-M., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2015) Synthesis and characterization of mixed-valence mangenese fluorophosphate and analogues with calthrate-like structures: MnIII6F12(PO3(OH))8[Na8(Kx(H3O)4-x(H2O)2MIV(OH)6] (= Mn, Ti, Ge). Dalton Transactions, Vol. 44: 7960-7966.https://doi.org/10.1039/C5DT00646E

  • Yu, Z.-Q., Wang, J.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Botis, S.M., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2015) Polymorphism of NaVO2F2: A P21/c superstructure with pseudosymmetry of P21/m in a subcell. Acta Crystallographica Section C, Vol. 71, 440-447.https://doi.org/10.1107/s2053229615008530

  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Nokhrin, S., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2015) Hydrothermal synthesis of open-framework borophosphates with tunable micropores, crystal morphologies and thermal stabilities. Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 15: 3594-3601https://doi.org/10.1021/cg5017438

  • Zhang, J., Ma, C.Q., Li, J.W. & Pan, Y. (2015) Reappraisal of Early Cretaceous highly enriched mantle beneath the Dabie Orogen: evidence from mineralogy and geochemistry of the Xiaohekou Complex. Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 172: 808-821.https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs2015-009

  • Zhang, J., Ma, C.Q., Li, J.W. & Pan, Y. (2015) Petrogenesis of Early Cretaceous alkaline dolerite dykes in the Dabie Orogen, China: Constraints on the timing of lithospheric thinning. Lithos, Vol. 216-217: 17-30.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2014.12.002


  • Alessi, A., Angello, S., Buscarino, G., Pan, Y. & Mahskovtsev, R.I. (2014) EPR on radiation-induced defects in SiO2. In "Applications of EPR in Radiation Research", Lund A & Shiotani M., eds., Springer, pp. 255-295.https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-09216-4_7

  • Zhang, J., Ma, C.Q., Xiong, F., Liu, B., Li, J.W. & Pan, Y. (2014) Early Paleozoic high-Mg diorite-granodiorite in the eastern Kunlun Orogen, western China: Response to continental collision and slab break-off. Lithos, Vol. 210-211: 129-146.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2014.10.003

  • Wang, Q., Zheng, J., Pan, Y., Dong, Y., Liao, F., Zhang, L., Zhao, G. & Tu, Z. (2014) Archean crustal evolution in the southeastern North China Craton: new data from the Huoqiu Complex. Precambrian Research, Vol. 255: 294-315.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2014.10.005

  • Zhou, B., Michaelis, V.K., Yao, Y., Sherriff, B.L., Kroeker, S. & Pan, Y. (2014) Density functional theory study of the magnetic shielding mechanism for 11B in pentaborate minerals: ulexite and probertite. CrystEngComm, Vol. 16(45): 10418-10427.https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CE01749H

  • Zhu, T.-T., Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Sun, Z.-M., Pan, Y., Balents, L. & Mi, J.-X. (2014) Strong spin frustration from isolated triangular Cu(II) trimers in SrCu(OH)3Cl with a novel cuprate layer. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 2: 8170-8178.https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TC01416B

  • Wang, J.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2014) Hydrothermal synthesis of high purity zeolite A from natural kaolin without calcination. Microporous & Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 199: 50-56.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2014.08.002

  • Chen, Y., Yao, Z. & Pan, Y. (2014) Geochemistry of lamprophyres at the Daping gold deposit, Yunnan Province, China: Constraints on the timing of gold mineralization and evidence for mantle convection in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 93: 129-145.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.07.033

  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2014) Triplet states of oxygen-vacancy defects in a-quartz: Center E''9. EPL (Europhysics Letters), Vol. 107: 36005.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1209/0295-5075/107/36005

  • Lin, J., Chen, N. & Pan, Y. (2014) Arsenic speciation in newberyite (MgHPO4.3H2O) determined by synchrotron X-ray absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies: Implications for the fate of arsenic in green fertilizers. Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 48: 6938-6946.https://doi.org/10.1021/es405735p

  • Huang, H., Fryer, B.J., Polat, A. & Pan, Y. (2014) Amphibole, plagioclase and clinopyroxene geochemistry of the Archean Fisskenaeset Complex at Majorqap area, southwest Greenland: Implications for petrogenetic and geodynamic processes. Precambrian Research, Vol. 247: 64-91.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2014.03.021

  • Pan, Y. & Nilges, M.J. (2014) Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: Basic principles, experimental techniques and applications to Earth and planetary sciences. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 78: 655-690.https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2014.78.16

  • Li, R., Lin, J., Nilges, M.J., Chen, N. & Pan, Y. (2014) Arsenic speciation in danburite (CaB2Si2O8): A synchrotron XAS and single-crystal EPR study. European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 26: 115-126.https://doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2014/0026-2358

  • Li, D., Seaman, J., Chang, H.-S., Jaffe, P., Van Groos, P.K., Jiang, D.-T., Chen, N., Lin, J., Arthur, Z., Scheckel, K., Kaplan, D., Pan, Y. Newville, M. &Lanzirotti, A. (2014) Retention and chemical speciation of uranium in an oxidized wetland sediment from the Savannah River Site. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 131: 40-46.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2013.10.017

  • Sun, L.-Z., Sun, W., Ren, W.-J., Zhang. J.-Y., Huang, Y.-X., Sun, Z.-M., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2014) Synthesis and characterizatization of novel barium iron phosphates: Insigt into new structures tailored by hydrogen atoms. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 212: 48-57.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2014.01.010



  • Pan, Y., Yeo, G., Rogers, B., Austman, C. & Hu, B. (2013) Application of natural radiation-induced defects in quartz to uranium exploration: A case study on the Maw Zone, Athabasca Basin. Journal of Exploration and Mining Geology, Vol. 21: 115-128..

  • Lin, J., Chen, N. & Pan, Y. (2013) Arsenic incorporation in synthetic struvite (NH4MgPO4.6H2O): A synchrotron XAS and single-crystal EPR study. Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47: 12728-12735https://doi.org/10.1021/es402710y

  • Zhao, B.-C., Sun, W., Ren, W.J., Huang, Y.-X., Li, Z., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2013) Hygroscopic La[B5O8(OH)]NO3.2H2O: Insight into the evolution of borate fundamental building blocks. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 206, 91-98.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2013.07.032

  • Zhou, B., Michaelis, V.K., Wren, J.E.C., Kroeker, S., Yao, Y., Sherriff, B.L. & Pan, Y. (2013) 11B and 23Na solid-state NMR and density functional theory studies of electric field gradients at B sites in ulexite. CrystEnGComm, Vol. 15: 8739-8747.https://doi.org/10.1039/C3CE41251B

  • Lin, J., Chen, N., Nilges, M.J. & Pan, Y. (2013) Arsenic speciation in synthetic gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O): A synchrotron XAS, single-crystal EPR and pulsed ENDOR study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 106: 524-540.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2012.12.019

  • Lin, J., Chen, N., Huang, D. & Pan, Y. (2013) Iron pairs in beryl: New insights from electron paramagnetic resonance, synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and ab initio calculations. American Mineralogist, Vol. 98: 1745-1753.https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2013.4472

  • Mashkovtsev, R.I., Li, Z., Mao, M. & Pan, Y. (2013) 73Ge, 17O and 29Si hyperfine interactions of the Ge E'1 center in crystalline SiO2. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 233: 7-16.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2013.04.016

  • Botis, S.M., Pan, Y. & Ewing, R.C. (2013) Hydrogen incorporation in crystalline zircon: Insight from ab initio calculations. American Mineralogist, Vol. 98: 745-751.https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2013.4306

  • Hu, Z.-B., Wang, C.-X., Tong, C.-Q., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2013) Crystal structure and magnetic property of synthetic gengenbachite, KH8(Fe2.66Al0.34)(PO4)6.6H2O. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 51: 223-232.https://doi.org/10.3749/canmin.51.2.223

  • Mao, M., Li, Z. & Pan, Y. (2013) Phase transitions and proton ordering in hemimorphite: New insights from single-crystal EPR experiments and DFT calculations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 40: 133-143.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00269-012-0553-5

  • Dargahi, S., Arvin, M., Pan, Y. & Babaei, A. (2013) The origin of co-magmatic andesites enclaves in the Rabor Miocene pyroxene andesites, SE Kerman, Iran: insights from textures and mineralogical composition. Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, Vol. 24: 319-335.https://iranjournals.nlai.ir/bitstream/handle/123456789/196120/59EBDB7FB259DABE1603870F6F793676.pdf?sequence=-1

  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2013) Nature of paramagnetic defects in quartz: Progresses in the first decade of the 21st century. In New Developments in Quartz Research: Varieties, Crystal Chemistry and Uses in Technology, edited by Bruno Novak and Pavla Marek, pp. 65-104.http://www.novapublishers.org/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=42267

  • Pan, Y. (2013) Arsenic speciation in rock-forming minerals determined by EPR spectroscopy. In A. Masotti, ed., Arsenic: Sources, Environmental Impacts, Toxicity and Human Health: A Medical Geology Perspective, Nova Science Publishers Inc. pp. 39-52.https://www.novapublishers.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/978-1-62081-320-1_ch2.pdf


  • Zhou, B., Miclaelis, V.K., Pan, Y., Yao, Y., Tait, K.T., Hyde, B.C., Wren, J.E.C., Sherriff, B.L. & Kroeker, S. (2012) Crystal structure refinements of borate dimorphs inderite and kurnakovite using 11B and 25Mg nuclear magnetic resonance and DFT calculations. American Mineralgist, Vol. 97: 1858-1865.

  • Pan, Y., Mao, M., Li, Z., Botis, S.M., Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Shatskiy, A. (2012) Single-crystal EPR study of three radiation-induced defects (Al-O23-, Ti3+and W5+) in stishovite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 39: 627-637.

  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2012) Stable states of E'' defects in a-quartz. Europhysics Letters (EPL), Vol. 98: 56005.

  • Li, Z. & Pan, Y. (2012) First-principles calculations of the E'1 center in quratz: Structural models, 29Si hyperfine parameters and association with Al impurity. In J. Goetze and R. Mockel, eds., Quartz: Deposits, Mineralogy and Analytics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 161-175.

  • Li, R., Li, Z. & Pan, Y. (2012) Single-crystal EPR and DFT study of a VIAl-O--VIAl center in jeremejevite: Electronic structure and 27Al hyperfine coupling constants. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 39: 491-501.

  • SivaRamaiah, G. & Pan, Y. (2012) Thermodyanic and magnetic properties of surface Fe3+ species on quartz: Effects of gamma-ray irradiation and implication for aerosol-radiation interactions. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 39: 515-523.

  • Huang, D., Lin, J., Nilges, M.J. & Pan, Y. (2012) Local structures and effects of Cr3+ and Fe3+ in the p-type semiconductor CuAlO2. Physica Status Solidi B, Vol. 249: 1559-1565.

  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2012) Five new E' centers and their 29Si hyperfine parameters in electron-irradiated quartz. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 39: 79-85.

  • Mao, M. & Pan, Y. (2012) Nature of heavy metals in hemimorphite: A cation-exchange and single-crystal EPR study. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 50:31-43.
  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2012) Investigation on pseudosymmetry, twinning and disorder in structure determinations: Ba(H2O)MIII2[PO3(OH)]4 (M=Fe,V) as examples. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 186: 89-96.

  • Zhou, B., Michaelis, V.K., Giesbrecht, S.R., Kroeker, S., Sherriff, B.L., Sun, Z., Yao, Y. & Pan, Y. (2012) Correlations between 11B NMR parameters and structural characters in norates and borosilicates by high-resolution MAS NMR and ab initio calculations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 39: 363-372.

  • Huang, D. & Pan, Y. (2012) Pressure-induced spin transitions of iron in MgSiO3 perovskite: A GGA + U study. High Pressure Research, Vol. 32: 270-279.


  • Li, Z. & Pan, Y. (2011) First-principles study of boron oxygen hole centers in crystals: Electronic structures and nuclear hyperfine and quadrupole parameters. Physical Review B, Vol. 84: 1151112.
  • Botis, S.M. & Pan, Y. (2011) Modeling of the [AlO4/Li+]+ paramagnetic defects in quartz. Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 89: 809-816.
  • Lin, J., Sun, W., Mi, J.-X. & Pan, Y. (2011) A sodium calcium arsenate NaCa[AsO4]. Acta Crystallographica E, Vol. 67: i69.
  • Pan, Y.,  Mashkovtsev, R.I., Huang, D., Mao, M. & Shatskiy, A. (2011) Mechanisms of Cr and H incorporation in stishovite determined by single-crystal EPR spectroscopy and DFT calculations. American Mineralogist, 96: 1333-1342.
  • Goryainov, S.V., Krylov, A.S., Pan, Y., Madyukov, I.A., Smirnov, M.B. & Vtyurin, A.N. (2011) Raman investigation of hydrostatic and nonhydrostatic compressions of OH- and F-apophyllites up to 8GPa. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 43: 439-447.
  • Mashkovtsev, R.I. & Pan, Y. (2011) Biradical states of oxygen-vacancy related defects in a-quartz: Centers E''2 and E''4. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 38: 647-654.
  • Sun, W., Huang, Y.-X., Li, Z., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2011) Hydrothermal synthesis and single-crystal X-ray structure refinement of three borates: sibirskite, parasibirskite and priceite. Canadian Mineralogist, 49: 823-834.
  • Lin, J., Pan, Y., Chen, N., Mao, M., Li, R. & Feng, R. (2011) Arsenic incorporation in colemanite from borate deposits: Data from ICP-MS, micro-S-XRF, XAS and EPR analyses. Canadian Mineralogist, 49: 809-822.
  • Ebrahimi, S., Alirezaei, S. & Pan, Y. (2011) Geological setting, alteration, and fluid inclusion characteristics of Zaglic and Safikhaloo epithermal gold prospects, NW Iran. Geological Society of London, Special Publication, 350: 133-147.
  • Li, R., Li, Z., Mao, M. & Pan, Y. (2011) Single-crystal EPR and DFT studies of a [BO4]0 center in datolite: Electronic structure, formation mechanism and implications. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 38: 33-43.
  • Luo, Y., Rakovan, J., Tang, Y., Lupulescu, M., Hughes, J.M. & Pan, Y. (2011) Crystal chemistry of Th in fluorapatite. American Mineralogist, Vol. 96: 23-33.
  • SivaRamaiah, G., Lin, J. & Pan, Y. (2011) Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of Fe3+ ions in amethyst: Thermodynamic potentials and magnetic susceptibility. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 38: 159-167.


  • Botis, S.M. & Pan, Y. (2010) Theoretical modeling of the Al paramagnetic center and its precursors in stishovite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 37, 119-127.
  • Dargahi, S., Arvin, M., Pan, Y. & Babaei, A. (2010) Geochemistry of A-type granitoids in the Southwestern Kerman, the Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic assemblage, Iran: Constraints on the Arabian-Eurasian continental collision. Lithos, Vol. 115: 190-204.
  • Huang, D. & Pan, Y. (2010) First-principles calculations of intrinsic defects in the p-type semiconductor CuAlO2. Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 88: 927-932.
  • Mao, M., Lin, J. & Pan, Y. (2010) Hemimorphite as a natural sink for arsenic in zinc deposits and related mine tailings: Evidence from single-crystal EPR spectroscopy and hydrothermal synthesis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 74: 2943-2956.
  • Mao, M., Nilges, M.J. & Pan, Y. (2010) Single-crystal EPR and ENDOR study of an Al−O center in prehnite: Implications for aluminum-associated oxyradicals in layer silicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 22: 381-392.
  • Mao, M., Nilges, M.J. & Pan, Y. (2010) Radiation-induced defects in apophyllites. II. An O centre and related O−O pairs in hydroxylapophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 22: 89-102.
  • Mi, J.-X., Wang, C.-X., Chen, N., Li, R. & Pan, Y. (2010) Synthesis and crystal structure of a new open-framework iron phosphate (NH4)4Fe3(OH)2F2[H3(PO4)4]: novel linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 183: 2763-2769.


  • Botis, S.M., Adriaens, D. & Pan, Y. (2009) Ab initio calculations of the (O23--Y3+) center in CaF2 and SrF2: its electronic structure and hyperfine constants. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 36: 1-7.
  • Botis, S.M. & Pan, Y. (2009) First-principles calculations on the [AlO4/M+]0 (M=H,Li,Na,K) defects in quartz and crystal-chemical controls on the uptake of Al. Mineralogical Magazine, 73: 537-550.
  • Goryainov, S.V., Pan,Y & Madyukov. I. A. (2009) Raman study of W-doped diamond-like carbon films. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics. Vol. 73: 874-877.
  • Luo, Y., Hughes, J. M., Rakovan, J. & Pan, Y. (2009) Site preference of U and Th in Cl, F, Sr apatites. American Mineralogist, Vol. 94: 345-351.
  • Mao M. & Pan, Y. (2009) Radiation-induced defects in apophyllites. I. The NH2 free radical in fluorapophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 21: 317-324.
  • Nilges, M.J., Pan, Y. & Mashkovtsev, R.I. (2009) Radiation-induced defects in quartz. III. W-band EPR, ENDOR and ESEEM study of a peroxy radical. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 36: 61-73.
  • Pan, Y., Mao, M. & Lin, J. (2009) Single-crystal EPR study of Fe3+ and VO2+ in prehnite from the Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 47: 933-945.
  • Pan, Y. & Hu, B. (2009) Radiation-induced defects in quartz. IV. Thermal properties and implications. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 36: 421-430.
  • Pan, Y., Nilges, M.J. & Mashkovtsev RI (2009) Radiation-induced defects in quartz: Multifrequency EPR study and DFT modeling of new peroxy radicals. Mineralogical Magazine, 73: 517-535.
  • Wang, Q.Y., Pan, Y., Chen, N.S., Li, X.Y. (2009) Proterozoic polymetamorphism in the Quanji Block, Northwestern China: evidence from microtextures, garnet compositions and monazite CHIME ages. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 34: 686-698.
  • Zhou, Y., Huang,Y., Pan, Y. & Mi, J.-X. (2009) Single-crystal microtubes of a novel apatite-type compound, (Na2.5Bi2.5)(PO4)3(F,OH), with well-faceted hexagonal cross sections. CrystEngComm. Vol. 11: 1863-1867.

1989-2008 (not listed)

Teaching & Supervision

2nd year: Crystallography and Mineralogy, Mineralogy, Introductory Petrology

3rd year: Igneous Petrology, Metamorphic Petrology

4th year Field School

4th year: Geochemistry, Mineral Deposits

Graduate: Analytical Geochemistry, Advanced Petrology, Economic Geology


geochemistry mineral deposits mineral spectroscopy minerals minerology petrology

My research in mineralogy, environmental mineralogy and geochemistry provides molecular-level understanding of heavy metal(loid)s and radionuclides in common minerals and related materials, with applications to managing the risks and benefits of mining industry and nuclear technology for our society and the environment. Another major objective of my research is to provide mechanistic understanding of mineralization processes in magmatic, metamorphic and hydrothermal systems. Scientific approaches include diverse state-of-the-art experimental techniques (e.g. EPR spectroscopy and synchrotron-based methods) and first-principles theoretical calculations.